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Back Analysis of Observed Measurements for Optimised SCL Tunnel Design

The Crossrail Farringdon Station is a deep level station with two platform tunnels, 300 metres long at a depth of approxi...

3D numerical analysis of sprayed concrete lined tunnels: Influence and optimisation of the simulation of varied construction schemes

3D numerical models require significant effort for their preparation and analysis, translated into time and cost. It is in the hands of the enginee...

The role of inverse analysis in tunnel design

In modern design of complex tunnelling projects it is best practice to utilise 3D finite element analysis (3D FEA), its main advantage being the ab...